|Norberg Travel Grants Recipients|
We are pleased to announce that Michael Castelle, John Day, Raiford Guins, and Andrew Russell have been awarded 2014 Norberg Travel Grants. This program, named in honor of CBI’s founding director Arthur L. Norberg, provides funds to assist recipients travel to Minneapolis to conduct research using the CBI archival collections.
Michael Castelle, who holds a B.S. in Computer Science from Brown University, is a doctoral candidate in sociology at the University of Chicago. He has presented his research at a number of important conferences and institutions, including the American Sociological Association annual meeting and at the Institut des Sciences de la Communication du CNRS (Paris). He will be visiting CBI to conduct research on his project, “Concurrency and Durability: Transaction Processing in the 1970s and 1980s,” in which he is analyzing the technological formalization of computer facilitated transactions as a “fundamental prerequisite and facilitator” of observed transformations in commerce and finance. He plans to draw on resources from the Curt A. Monash Papers, James W. Cortada Papers, Burroughs Corporation Records, and Control Data Corporation Records among others.
Raiford Guins is Associate Professor of Culture and Technology in the Department of Cultural Analysis and Theory at Stony Brook University. He is a leading scholar on the cultural study and history of video games and is author of Edited Clean Version: Technology and the Culture of Control (University of Minnesota, 2009) and Game After: A Cultural Study of Video Game Afterlife (MIT Press, 2014). With his current research project, “Tennis for Two, or the Love of Analog Technology,” he will be examining CBI’s William A. Higinbotham Papers (who designed the pioneering video tennis game at Brookhaven National Laboratory in the late 1950s) and other collections to provide a “prehistory” of the network of actors and setting that “gave shape to this pioneering analog computer game.”
Andrew Russell and John Day have designed an innovative project for a simultaneous visit to CBI to conduct archival research and produce a major oral history on site. Andrew Russell, the interviewer, is Assistant Professor of History in the College of Arts and Letters, and Director of the Program in Science and Technology Studies at Stevens Institute of Technology. He is a past CBI-Tomash fellow and author of the just published book Open Standards and the Digital Age: History, Ideology, and Networks (Cambridge University Press, 2014). John Day, the interviewee, is an ARPANET/internet pioneer who is currently an adjunct professor at Boston University where he teaches graduate level advanced and introductory courses on networking and operating systems. In the late 1960s and 1970s Day was on the research staff at University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana developing operating systems for the path breaking ILLIAC IV, including early operating systems for use with the ARPANET.1 He was also a member of the ARPANET Networking Group in the mid-1970s and created upper layer ARPANET protocols. He later went on to hold senior research positions at Cullinane Database Systems, Codex Corporation, BBN, Arthur D. Little, and Netnostics.
Russell and Day will benefit from having key documents in front of them for the interview, including materials from the John Day Papers, the Charles Bachman Papers, and the Alex McKenzie Collection. Beyond this oral history, Day’s research will advance an article manuscript he is writing for submission to IEEE Annals of the History of Computing examining how the internet missed some fundamental insights of 1970s networking research. Russell’s archival research and the John Day oral history will further his research and publication on various aspects of history of computer networking.
Jeffrey R. Yost
1 Documented in Misa’s oral history interview with John Day.