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Current Activitieslock Who is Who?lock People Programs Publications CSHW_2014 Systems Events Mechanisms

William Hugh Murray

(work in progress -- RAH)

William Hugh Murray is a management consultant, information security professional and former chairperson of the International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium.

Murray graduated from the Louisiana State University in 1962 with a degree in Business Administration. Having worked for IBM prior to graduation, teaching programming on IBM 650, 1401 and 705 systems, he went on to work at IBM’s Advanced Product Planning group as a project manager on IBM’s AAS (Advanced Administrative System) project, which exposed him to the nascent computer security field. His work on access control mechanisms within AAS was highly influential, pioneering the concepts of list-based access control and user authentication. (1)

In 1975, having moved on to IBM’s marketing division, Murray was involved in promotion of the DES encryption standard, a result of his experience in AAS. His role was in producing marketing materials from the scant and highly technical information available at the time. Similarly, Murray’s 1976 publication, Data Security Controls and Procedures brought the more general topic of data security to a wider audience.(2) Replacing an earlier internal document that had been quickly obsolesced by changing technologies, it was specifically written to be technology-neutral, and remained a part of the computer security body of knowledge into the early 1990s. (3)

Murray's 1984 paper, "Security Considerations for Personal Computers" was an early acknowledgement that personal computers required an entirely different security approach to mainframe systems, addressing the issues surrounding data, application, and communication security in an environment where physical security of machine and data is no longer guaranteed. (4)

After retiring from IBM in the mid-1980s, Murray worked as a consultant for Ernst & Young, and later, Deloitte & Touche. During this time, there was an effort amongst security experts to define their profession with a common body of knowledge, and a certification program. Murray was involved in both efforts, serving on the ISSA committee that established the common body of knowledge in 1990, and being highly influential in the development Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) qualification, and its overseeing body, the International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium (ISC2), which today serves as the "gold standard" qualification for information security professionals. (5) (6)

Supported by the National Science Foundation CNS--TC 1116862 "Building an Infrastructure for Computer Security History."


1 , 3 , 5 : Oral History Interview with William Hugh Murray, conducted by Jeff Yost.

2 : This publication is available on DropBox via http://tinyurl.com/ld942lg

4 : W. H. Murray, "Security considerations for personal computers," IBM System Journal 23, 3 (September 1984), 297-304. DOI=10.1147/sj.233.0297 http://dx.doi.org/10.1147/sj.233.0297

6 : [[https://www.isc2.org/aboutus/default.aspx][ISC2 website: About Us]

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